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Sports, Recreation & Fitness

General information about adaptive sports and recreation as well as resources available for people with disabilities.

1. US Paralympics

1.1. Current Paralympic Sport Clubs

U.S. Paralympics has partnered with the following community organizations to form the nationwide Paralympic Sport Club network, which currently operates in 48 states and Washington D.C. To locate additional adaptive sports opportunities, visit

Lakeshore Foundation - Birmingham
University of Alabama Adapted Athletics - Tuscaloosa
Auburn Univerisity Office of Accessibility - Auburn

Challenge Alaska - Anchorage

Ability360 - Phoenix
Arizona Disabled Sports - Mesa
Phoenix Banner Wheelchair Suns/Mercury - Phoenix
Rio Salado Rowing Club - Valley of the Sun
Sports Performance Pro - West Valley

Achieve Tahoe - Lake Tahoe
Adaptive Sports and Recreation Association - San Diego
Bay Area Association of Disabled Sailors (BAADS) - San Francisco
Bay Area Outreach and Recreation Program - Bay Area
Break the Barriers, Inc. - Fresno
City of Sacramento, Department of Parks and Recreation - Sacramento
Cottage Rehabilitation Hospital - Santa Barbara
Disabled Sports Eastern Sierra - Mammoth Lakes
Far West Wheelchair Sports - Silicon Valley
Los Angeles Kings Sled Hockey - Riverside
PossAbilities at Loma Linda University - Loma Linda
Riekes Center for Human Enhancement - Menlo Park
Shared Adventures - Santa Cruz
Triumph Foundation - Los Angeles 
United States Adaptive Recreation Center - Big Bear Lake

Adaptive Action Sports - Rockies 
Adaptive Adventures - Front Range
Adaptive Sports Association - Durango
Adaptive Sports Center of Crested Butte - Crested Butte
Boulder Parks & Recreation EXPAND - Boulder
Breckenridge Outdoor Education Center - Breckenridge
Challenge Aspen - Aspen
City of Colorado Springs Parks and Recreation  - Colorado Springs
Colorado Discover Ability - Grand Junction
Community Sailing of Colorado - Denver
Craig Hospital - Denver
Fort Collins Adaptive Recreation Opportunities - Fort Collins
National Sports Center for the Disabled - Denver
National Sports Center for the Disabled - Winter Park
STARS Steamboat Springs - Steamboat Springs
Telluride Sports Program - Telluride

Groton Parks and Recreation - Noank
Hospital for Special Care - Connecticut
Leap of Faith Adaptive Skiers - Connecticut
The Sports Association, Gaylord Hospital - Southern New England

District of Columbia 
Medstar National Rehabilitation Hospital - Washington, D.C.
Capital Rowing Club - Washington, D.C.

Nemours, AI DuPont Hospital for Children - Delaware
Yes U Can Inc. - Delaware

Brooks Rehabilitation Community Health - Jacksonville

Palm Beach County Parks and Recreation Department - Palm Beach County
Central Florida Tri-Club - Orlando
Hillsborough Country Parks, Recreation & Conservation - Tampa Bay
Miami Beach Watersports Center, Inc - South Florida
Miami-Dade Parks & Recreation - Miami
Team Paradise Sailing - Miami

BlazeSports Atlanta - Atlanta

AccesSurf Hawaii - Hawaii

AquAbility - Idaho
Boise Parks and Recreation - Boise
Higher Ground Sun Valley - Sun Valley
Inland Northwest Disabled Veterans Sports Association - Coeur d'Alene
Treasure Valley Family YMCA - Boise
Wood River Ability Program - Sun Valley-Ketchum

Adaptive Adventures - Chicago
Chicago Park District - Chicago
Dare2tri Paratriathlon Club - Chicago
Fox Valley Special Recreation Association (FVSRA) - Aurora
Great Lakes Adaptive Sports Association - Great Lakes Region
Lincolnway Special Recreation Association - Frankfort
Maine-Niles Association of Special Recreation - Morton Grove
Northeast DuPage Special Recreation Association (dba Synergy Adaptive Athletics) - DuPage
Northern Illinois Special Recreation Association (NISRA) - Crystal Lake
Northern Suburb Special Recreation Association (NSSRA) - Northbrook
Northwest Special Recreation Association (NWSRA) - Northwest Chicago
Oak Lawn Park District/Special Recreation Cooperative - Oak Lawn
Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago - Chicago
Rockford Park District - Rockford
South Suburban Special Recreation Association (SSSRA) - Tinley Park
South West Special Recreation (SWSRA) - Alsip
Southeast Association for Special Parks and Recreation (SEASPAR) - Downers Grove
Tri-County Special Recreation Association - Romeoville
West Suburban Special Recreation Association (WSSRA) - Franklin Park
Western DuPage Special Recreation Association (dba Synergy Adaptive Athletics) - DuPage

Rehabilitation Hospital of Indiana - Indianapolis
Turnstone Center for Children & Adults with Disabilities - Fort Wayne

Adaptive Sports Iowa - Central Iowa
SportAbility of Iowa - Eastern Iowa

Midwest Adaptive Sports - Greater Kansas City
Shawnee County Parks and Recreation - Topeka
Wheelchair Sports Inc. - Wichita

Frazier Rehab Institute - Louisville
Independence Place - Central Kentucky 
Louisville Metro Parks & Recreations Adapted Leisure Activities - Louisville

Louisiana GUMBO Inc. - Louisiana
SMCL Foundation & Associates Inc. - New Orleans

Adaptive Sports New England, Inc - New England
All Out Adventures Inc. - Western Massachusetts
CAPEable Adventures – Cape Cod
Cape Cod Curling Club - Southern Massachusetts
CHD Disability Resources - Western Massachusetts
Community Boating - Boston
Community Rowing - Boston
Holyoke Rows, Inc. - Pioneer Valley
Massachusetts Department of Conservation & Recreation, Universal Access Program - Massachusetts
Piers Park Sailing Center - Boston
Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital - Massachusetts

Maine Adaptive Sports and Recreation - Maine
New England Nordic Ski Association - Northeast
Pineland Farms - Maine

Baltimore Adapted Recreation and Sport - Mid-Atlantic
St. Mary's County Recreation & Parks - Southern Maryland
Two Top Mountain Adaptive Sports Foundation - Hagerstown
University of Maryland Rehabilitation & Orthopaedic Institute - Maryland

Mary Free Bed Rehabilitation Hospital Wheelchair & Adaptive Sports Department - Grand Rapids
Kentwood Parks & Recreation Department - Kentwood
Michigan Sports Unlimited - Saginaw
Oakland County Parks - Waterford
Michigan State University Demmer Center - Central Michigan

Courage Kenny Rehabilitation Institute - Twin Cities

Disabled Athlete Sports Association - St. Louis
Midwest Adaptive Sports - Greater Kansas City
Springfield-Greene County Park Board - Springfield

Metro Area Community Empowerment - Jackson
University of Southern Mississippi IDS Technology Learning Center - Gulf Coast

Eagle Mount Bozeman - Bozeman

CHI Health Immanuel Rehabilitation Institute - Omaha
Eastern Nebraska Wheelchair Athletic Association - Omaha
Great Plains Chapter Paralyzed Veterans of America - Omaha

City of Las Vegas Adaptive Recreation - Las Vegas
Clark County School District - Las Vegas
City of Reno Parks, Recreation and Community Services - Reno

New Hampshire
AbilityPLUS, Inc. - New Hampshire
Adaptive Sports Partners of the North Country - Franconia
Crotched Mountain Accessible Recreation & Sports - New Hampshire
Granite State Adaptive - Mirror Lake
New England Disabled Sports - New Hampshire
New England Handicapped Sports Association - Central New Hampshire
Northeast Passage at the University of New Hampshire - Southern New Hampshire

New Jersey
Children's Specialized Hospital - New Jersey
North New Jersey Navigators - New Jersey

New Mexico
Global Opportunities Unlimited - New Mexico

New York
Adaptive Sports Foundation - Windham
Cape Ability Outrigger Ohana, Inc. - Western New York
Capital Region Nordic Alliance - Eastern NY-Western MA
Central Association for the Blind and Vissually Impaired - Central New York
Sitrin Health Care Center - New Hartford
City of New York Parks & Recreation - New York City
Helen Hayes Hospital - Hudson Valley
Row New York - New York City
STRIDE Adaptive Sports - Albany

North Carolina
Bridge II Sports - Triangle
Carolinas HealthCare System Adaptive Sports & Adventures Program - Charlotte
Fayetteville-Cumberland Parks and Recreation - Fayetteville
Mecklenburg County Parks & Recreation - Metrolina

North Dakota
HOPE Inc. - Fargo-Moorehead

Adaptive Adventures Sports Coalition - Central Ohio (applicant
Adaptive Sports Program of Ohio - Northeast Ohio
Cincinnati Recreation Commission Foundation - Cincinnati
Columbus Recreation and Parks - Columbus
Great Miami Rowing Center - Southwest Ohio
Greater Columbus Rowing Association - Columbus
Miami Valley Association of Disabled Athletes - Miami Valley
Youth Challenge - Cleveland

Greater Oklahoma Disabled Sports Association - Oklahoma City
The Center for Individuals with Physical Challenges - Tulsa
Oklahoma City Boathouse Foundation - Oklahoma City
University of Central Oklahoma Sport Performance - Oklahoma City

Adaptive Sports Northwest - Portland
City of Eugene, Adaptive Recreation Services - Eugene
Oregon Adaptive Sports - Central Oregon

HOPE Network - Pittsburgh
Penn State Ability Athletics Program and Disability Recreation - University Park
The Pennsylvania Center for Adapted Sports - Philadelphia
Three Rivers Rowing Association - Pittsburgh 
Two Top Mountain Sports - Mercersburg

Rhode Island
Sail to Prevail - Rhode Island

South Carolina
Adaptive Expeditions - Charleston 
Coastal Carolina Adaptive Sports and Recreation - Coastal Carolina
Greenville Health Systems - Greenville
Touch of the Future, PAW Center - Golden Corner

Chattanooga Parks & Recreation - Chattanooga
City of Clarksville Parks & Recreation - Clarksville
Tennessee Association of Blind Athletes - Tennessee

City of Lake Jackson Parks and Recreation - Lake Jackson
City of Pasadena Verne Cox Multipurpose Recreation Center - Pasadena
Dallas VA Lady Mavericks Association - Richardson
Fencing Institute of Texas, Inc. - Dallas
Harker Heights Parks and Recreation - Harker Heights
Houston Parks and Recreation Department - Adaptive Recreation - Houston
Kinetic Kids - San Antonio
Memorial Hermann|TIRR Sports - Houston
Morgan's Wonderland - STRAPS - San Antonio
One Chair at a Time - Texas Panhandle
ParaSports - San Antonio
RISE Adaptive Sports - North Texas
Sea Scout Base Galveston DBA Galveston Community Sailing - Galveston
Seton Brain and Spine Institute - Austin
STARskaters - Houston
Team River Runner Texas - Texas Hill Country
Texas Rowing for All - Austin
The San Antonio Fencing Center - San Antonio
Townlake YMCA - Austin
University of Texas at Arlington - Arlington

National Ability Center - Park City
Salt Lake County Adaptive Recreation - Salt Lake County
TRAILS - Salt Lake City

AbilityPLUS, Inc. - Vermont
Bart J Ruggiere Adaptive Sports Center - Manchester 
Northeast Disabled Athletic Association - Burlington  
Vermont Adaptive Ski and Sports - Vermont

Sportable - Richmond
Therapeutic Adventures, Inc. - Blue Ridge/Shenandoah
Wintergreen Adaptive Sports - Wintergreen

Adaptive Action Sports, Inc. - Lummi Island
Metro Parks Tacoma Adaptive Recreation - Tacoma
Next Step Archery - Northwest
Northwest Association of Blind Athletes - Clark County
Outdoors for All Foundation - Northwest
ParaSport Spokane - Inland Northwest
Seattle Adaptive Sports - Seattle
Seattle Wheelchair Rugby Association - Seattle
St. Lukes Rehabilitation Institute - Spokane

West Virginia
CAMC Para-athletic Program - West Virginia
Challenged Athletes of West Virginia - West Virginia

Central Cross Country Ski Association - Madison

Casper Mountain Biathlon Club - Casper Mountain

2. Adaptive sports

2.1. Archery

American Wheelchair Archers

Chuck Focht
Road 2, Box 2043
West Sunbury, PA  16061 

Wheelchair Archery Sports Section
3595 E. Fountain Blvd. #L10
Colorado Springs, CO  80910
Phone: 719-574-1150

United Foundation for Disabled Archers

If you are a physically challenged hunter looking for unique bowhunting adventures, the United Foundation For Disabled Archers (UFFDA) has the opportunity you have been searching for. Each year, seasoned bowhunting volunteers sponsor free bowhunts for UFFDA’s disabled members and we would consider it a privilege to entertain you on one of these hunts each year.

2.2. Basketball

National Wheelchair Basketball Association

International Wheelchair Basketball Federation

Canadian Wheelchair Basketball Association

2.3. Billiards

National Wheelchair Pool Players Association

2.4. Bowling

American Wheelchair Bowling Association

2.5. Dance

American Dance Wheels Foundation is a non-profit organization that teaches Wheelchair Ballroom and Latin Dance. Wheelchair dancing integrates people with disabilities and able-bodied individuals and can be enjoyed by people of all ages and ability levels. American DanceWheels created the first American style wheelchair dance syllabus, Wheel One™. Our organization promotes wheelchair dancing through educational seminars and performances in dance studios, schools, and rehabilitation facilities across the country.

Dancing Wheels If dance is an expression of the human spirit, then it is best expressed by people of all abilities. That is the fundamental belief behind the Dancing Wheels Company & School. Considered one of the premier arts and disabilities organizations in the U.S., Dancing Wheels is a professional, physically integrated dance company uniting the talents of dancers both with and without disabilities.

IPC Wheelchair Dance Sport  is an extremely elegant, graceful and stylish sport which involves athletes with a physical impairment that affects the lower limbs.
Participants can compete "combi" style, dancing with an able bodied (standing) partner, or duo dance for two wheelchair users together.
Group dance involves wheelchair users only or together with able-bodied partners whereas single dance sees a wheelchair user dance alone.

Standard dances include waltz, tango, Viennese waltz, slow foxtrot and quickstep.Latin American dances include the samba, cha-cha-cha, rumba,
paso doble and jive.There are also Formation dances for four, six or eight couples dancing in formation.

Since 1998 the sport has been governed by the IPC and co-ordinated by the IPC Wheelchair Dance Sport Technical Committee which incorporates
the rules of the International Dance Sport Federation (IDSF). The sport is not part of the summer Paralympic Games sports programme.
In recent years the sport has benefitted greatly from the screening of popular dance based TV shows such as Strictly Come Dancing and
Dancing with the Stars.

Today the sport is widely practiced in 29 countries and the last World Championships in 2010 in Hannover, Germany was a sell-out event
months before the competition took place.

 Roll Call Wheelchair Dance provide programs for groups and facilities that serve populations of people in wheelchairs and adults and children with all movement disorders provide a social dancing outlet for these populations provide opportunity to learn competitive style wheelchair dance and to compete at local and national dance competitions ​bring the joy of dance to the developmentally challenged, serving both Bergen county (Sprectrum for Living) and Rockland county (ARC)

2.6. Darts

American Disability Darts Association-Facebook page

World Disability Darts Association

The establishment of the World Disability Darts Association is the end product of a campaign designed to open our sport to players with disability. The endorsement of a lowered board height for wheelchair players was important to us because darts and its well established infrastructure is an ideal environment in which those living with disability can participate.
It is a fun and supportive social network, and of all the sports there are none that holds greater potential than darts to improve one's overall feeling of wellbeing long-term.

The gentle physical movement of throwing and retrieving the darts combined with the exciting mental challenges gives a comprehensively beneficial activity that can be played at almost any age and is why promotion is now underway in rehabilitation centres and aged care facilities around the world also. Equipment was designed in 2010 to prove that the ruling could be applied fairly in competition where a wheelchair player and a standing player were competing directly against one another.
That year saw the birth of the unique Wildfire137 dart frame which is now appearing in dart venues, competitions and
presentations ever since. Its creation has been instrumental in the adoption of the new ruling.

What started as a simple submission to Darts Australia in 2009 based on calculations of a "fair and equivalent" board
height for a wheelchair player has now seen its endorsement by our sport's highest administrative body, the World Darts
Federation. History will record that on October 8th 2012 in Hull UK the World Darts Federation extended a hand of
friendship and support to those living with disability.

In officially sanctioned WDF events the Wildfire137 dart frame concept is required to allow direct competition on the
approved lowered board height, but for the vast majority of social players simply mounting a dart board at a height of
137cm to the bullseye centre will enable the enjoyment and challenge of throwing darts, possibly for the first time
without the need for any special equipment. Set-up instructions have already been approved for inclusion by Winmau within their dartboard packaging and website.

What makes the WDDA unique is its inclusion of a second piece of equipment designed in conjunction with the Wildfire 137
dart frame called The Satellite. The visually striking, magnetic pendulum based activity is capturing the imagination of people around the world for its entrancing action and suitability for use by players with most disabilities including Cerebral Palsy, Vision Impairment, and most levels of Quadriplegia.
The Satellite table is based on the scoring proportions of a standard dartboard but transposed on to the edge of the
1.2mtr table.
As said previously our grassroots campaign has always been to include those with disability into a supportive social
environment and the new ruling that has seen the birth of the WDDA has opened the door for joint events using both pieces
of equipment within the same venue. The possibilities for networking of family and carers at our events are huge and each WDDA event will hold a short 30 minute seminar prior to the commencement of play as a means of conveying the opportunities that now exist. We hope those attending will continue with the activities and networking once they return to their homes or to their care facility.

The level of support from those within the darting fraternity has been astoundingly supportive at all levels, from the
home players through to world administrators.
In the past few months others around the world have taken to promoting the new ruling through the social media and new
websites are emerging to facilitate the spread of information and co-ordinate competitions and events. By all accounts a new wave of greater inclusion is sweeping across the globe spurred by the support and endorsement from companies such as Winmau.
The WDDA are supporting the growth of new interest with an accessible Board of Administrators brought together from
around the world and contactable through one central communication point. The WDDA Board of Administrators offer their experience and knowledge freely to aid in growth of participation. WDDA badges and medallions will soon available for purchase online at at greatly discounted prices. This gives even the smallest events in the remotest part of the globe the opportunity to present a prize with the mark of a world organisation.
Everyone who has read this article can do something to further the spread of information - simply tell someone about
what you now know.

Russ Strobel

World Disability Darts Association
Disability Support Officer Darts Australia & Winmau
Designer Wildfire137 & The Satellite

2.7. Extreme sports

Super Chairing is the largest Adaptive Action and Adventure Sports Organization in the world. Many people in the world know about able bodied action sports such as, skateboarding, snow boarding, BASE jumping, mountain climbing, different types of racing, and many others. Few know about the sports that are done by disabled action sport athletes. Some sports such as chairing, sit ski, 4 cross, body surfing, skydiving, power wheelchair racing, and others are starting to gain more attention all over the world. On Super Chairing you can find photos, videos, and information about these sports and some of the athletes that participate in them.

2.8. Football

Universal Wheelchair Football Association


Wimbledon and Limbless Association Disabled Football Partnership
Phone: 020-8788-1777

2.9. Golf

National Alliance For Accessible Golf
The Alliance creates and promotes awareness about the benefits of accessible golf. In addition to online publications and social media marketing, the Alliance engages in speaking opportunities at conferences and other public events. The National Alliance for Accessible Golf (Alliance) is expanding its efforts to provide financial assistance and resources to help make the game of golf more accessible to people with disabilities. With this funding from the USGA, the Alliance administers the grant application process for organizations providing golf programs for individuals with disabilities.

United States Golf Association (USAG)
The United States Golf Association (USGA) is the United States' national association of golf courses, clubs and facilities and the governing body of golf for the U. S. and Mexico. Individuals needing answers to particular member questions can contact the USGA via telephone, fax or email and can normally expect a reply within 24 to 48 hours.

Eastern Amputee Golf Association
The EAGA was incorporated in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania in February, 1987 and is a non-profit, non-partisan, and non-sectarian, 501(c)(3) charitable organization. It comprises the following states: ME, NH, VT, MA, RI, CT, NY, NJ, PA, MD, DE, MD, VA, WV, & DC; however, our members are from all over the world including a total of 42 states. The EAGA mission is to assist in the rehabilitation of amputees and provide for their general welfare, both physical and psychological, through the medium of golf and its associated activities. Amputee Membership is open to any individual who has experienced the loss of one or more extremities at a major joint due to amputation or birth defect. Those with other types of amputation are considered for membership on an individual basis. Associate Membership is available to all non-amputees who are interested in our activities and support the work of the association.

United States Disabled Golf Association
The United States Disabled Golf Association provides people with physical, sensory, and intellectual disabilities an opportunity to showcase his or her ability in a golf championship at the highest level in the USA. Contact USDGA if you are interested in participating in a USDGA championship or clinics. We cannot successfully meet our mission unless we know there are golfers that are interested in learning the sport of golf, along with competing with other disabled persons.

Western Amputee Golf Association
Established in 1968, the Western Amputee Golf Association (WAGA) was started by individuals who enjoy playing golf and wished to promote health and friendships. It is open to all ages and to both men and women in similar situations. The support, sharing of ideas and comradery brings new meaning to the game of golf for those who have lost a limb and thought golf was no longer an option. WAGA tournaments are open to everyone; many members have invited family and friends to join us, and they have returned year after year.

Adaptive Golfers
Adaptive Golfers helps you find the answers and create the golf game you want. Adaptive Golfers has experienced instructors, manufacturers, and organizations working day in and day out on helping people with challenges discover the wonders and therapeutic values of golf.

2.10. Adaptive Cycling and Hand Cycling

  • Cycling with AT (Assistive Technology) for Adults with a Mobility Disability This NIDILRR-funded AbleData project factsheet provides an introduction to several examples of AT for cycling, such as tricycles, double rider cycles, and hand cycles. It also highlights the physical and mental health benefits of cycling for people with mobility disabilities, from building muscles and losing weight to improving mental well-being.



2.11. Hockey

US Sled Hockey Association


American Amputee Hockey Association


American Sled Hockey Association
Rich DeGlopper
21 Summerwood Court
Buffalo, NY 14223
Phone: 716-876-7390

USA Wheelchair Hockey Association
7216 39th Ave. North
Minneapolis, MN  55427
Phone: 763-535-4736

2.12. Horseback Riding

The Adaptive Riding program of the National Ability Center

2.13. Martial Arts

Martial arts for Wheelchair users

2.14. Power soccer

United States Power Soccer Association

Bay area Outreach Recreation Power Soccer

2.15. Quad Rugby

United States Quad Rugby Association

The United States Quad Rugby Association exists to provide opportunity, support, and structure for competitive wheelchair rugby to people with disabilities. We are here to help people get involved in the fastest growing wheelchair sport in the world.

Quad Rugby and the USQRA have changed lives. There is story after story of people getting involved with the sport who have found, through peer interaction or just the raw desire to compete, the competitive outlet they hadn’t felt since before their disability. Some, disabled from birth or childhood, may be feeling the competitive fire for the first time. Almost without exception, the positive influence of this challenging sport transfers into players’ everyday lives. That positive power may be the best thing we can say about our association and our game.

Smashing Stereotypes One Hit at a Time is the main message of our players and our sport. Quad rugby is a tough, give-no-quarter game. Our players’ lives – their successes and trials on and off the court – are a continuous example of smashing stereotypes. The sport is about ability and competitive fire. It is testament to the spirit of our great athletes, their humanity, and the intensity of our game.

Contacts page

2.16. Road racing-wheelchair

Achilles Team 1000
42 West 38th Street
New York, NY  10018
Phone: 212-354-0300
Fax: 212-354-3978

2.17. Shooting

Be Adaptive

Be Adaptive Equipment LLC, P.O. Box 84,Columbia City, IN 46725
Phone: 877-595-5634 or 260-244-7031
Fax: 260-244-4953


We are committed to producing the highest quality adaptive hunting, shooting and fishing equipment for all disabled outdoorsmen.
Our goal is to help physically challenged people get back into doing the activities they love like hunting, shooting, fishing,
archery, photography, and ATV's. Our company designs and manufactures activity trays, shooting rests for rifles, shotguns, pistols,
crossbows, and compound bows, adaptive fishing equipment, hand controls and lifts for ATV's & much more. If the equipment listed
on this website does not meet your needs, please contact us. We are constantly working on developing new adaptive sports and
recreational equipment.


2.18. Skiing-snow

Adaptive snow skiing and snowboarding resources

Adaptive Skiing Resort Guide: Adaptive skiing provides people with disabilities the opportunity to enjoy the thrill of snow sports at resorts and facilities throughout North America. This resource informs adaptive skiers of all levels how they can access and enjoy programs at many of the major resorts in the US and Canada.


Adaptive Sports Center
PO Box 1639
Crested Butte, CO  81224
Phone: 970-349-2296 or 800-544-8448 x2296

Breckenridge Outdoor Education Center
917 Airport Road
PO Box 697
Breckenridge, CO  80424
Phone: 970-453-6422

Challenge Aspen
PO Box M
Aspen, CO  81612
Phone: 970-923-0578

Ski for Light Inc.
Jeff Pagels, Mobility Impaired Coordinator
1400 Carole Lane
Greenbay, WI  54313
Phone: 414-494-5572

United States Disabled Ski Team
Jack Benedict
PO Box 100
Park City, UT  84060
Phone: 801-619-0909

2.19. Skiing-water

American Waterski Association – Disabled Ski
681 Bailey Woods Road
Dacula, GA  30211
Phone: 404-995-8528

Disabled Ski Committee
PO Box 21
Jackson, AL  36861

Leaps Of Faith adaptive skiers
Phone: 203-426-0666

2.20. Softball

National Wheelchair Softball Association

2.21. Swimming

Adaptive swimming organizations and resources


Texas Adaptive Aquatics
PO Box 41301
Houston, TX  77241-1301
Office: 281-859-9015
Fax: 281-463-1791

Special Olympics International 
Rick Klatt, Director of Aquatics
3535 N. Corneha Ave.
Fresno, CA  93722
Office: 551-276-6396

United States Wheelchair Swimming
229 Miller St.
Middleboro, MA  02346 

United States Aquatic Association of the Deaf
Caroline (Carrie Miller)
6808 40th Ave. NE
Seattle, WA  98115
Office: 206-616-6143

USA Swimming
One Olympic Plaza
Colorado Springs, CO  80909
Office: 719-578-4578

2.22. Table Tennis

Disabled Table Tennis

2.23. Tennis

United States Tennis Association-Wheelchair tennis

International Wheelchair Tennis Federation

2.24. Track & Field

American Association of Adapted Sports-Track & Field

2.25. Volleyball

World Organization of Volleyball for the Disabled


Disabled Volleyball
Disabled Sports USA
451 Hungerford Drive, Suite 100
Rockville, MD  20850
Phone: 301-217-0960
Fax: 301-217-0968

2.26. Weightlifting

United States Wheelchair Weightlifting Federation
39 Micheal Place
Levittown, PA  19057
Phone: 215-945-1964

3. Exercise

3.1. Exercise After Spinal Cord Injury

Exercise After Spinal Cord Injury, Factsheet.

This factsheet published by the Model Systems Knowledge Translation Center in collaboration with the National Center on Health, Physical Activity and Disability (NCHPAD), discusses the importance of physical activity for someone with SCI, types of exercises, overcoming barriers to exercise, specific concerns, and more.  Published 2016. 

3.2. Lisa Ericson's Seated Aerobic Workout

Lisa Ericson's Seated Aerobic Workout free on You Tube

Published on Jan 23, 2016

When I met Lisa Ericson in 1987, she was a lovely, vivacious former professional figure skater who had been consigned to a wheelchair by a misdiagnosed AVM (arterial venous malformation). She had channeled her amazing energy into this highly effective seated aerobic workout which she taught at Craig Hospital, the renowned rehabilitation center for spinal cord and traumatic brain injuries.

I introduced her to aerobic instructor Marsha Macro, who nominated her for the Christine MacIntyre Memorial Award, named for the late founder of Shape magazine, whom I coincidently had met in Aspen prior to her tragic death in an auto accident.

Seemingly overnight Lisa got the recognition she deserved, and I spent the next five years piggy-backing her up and down stairs and plane aisles, and shepherding her and her assistants around convention halls--something of a challenge in those pre-cell phone days!

It soon became obvious that a video was the next step, so I gathered together the professional talent and other resources that had generated my video, "The Swedish Massage," five years previously.

This is the result.

It provides high intensity aerobic exercise for anyone, regardless of fitness level or disability, without the use of the legs. In nearly a quarter century, I have seen nothing comparable.

The disabled life is fraught with difficulties, medical and otherwise. Sadly, Lisa is no longer with us, having passed away in December 28, 2014 at the age of 57. This video is her legacy; I shall always remember her the way she was in this video.

M.E. Joseph Meyer, Executive Producer

If you have gotten value from this video, please consider liking this YouTube channel. YouTube has recently imposed a minimum number of subscribers for the receipt of advertising revenue.

For instructions on how to modify the exercises for relative level of fitness or disability, see:

3.3. How to Videos for Exercise-RRTC



How To Do Shoulder External Rotation/ Rotator Cuff Exercise


The following activity is performed by a highly trained individual.

Consult with a therapist before attempting the activity.

Supervision is highly recommended.

Be sure to be aware of how your body is responding while you're exercising.

While shortness of breath and flushing are common and expected during exercise; dizziness, headache, chest pain, nausea, chill and/ or redness in addition are potential signs of a problem.

If any symptoms persist please contact your doctor.


This video will demonstrate an exercise to strengthen the rotator cuff. The rotator cuff is very important muscle group that maintains shoulder stability. Pick a light- weight, thera-band or an appropriate weight for you. Place a rolled towel between your trunk and your arm just above the elbow. The towel can help align your shoulder and target the muscles of the rotator cuff. Gently Squeeze your shoulder blades together and slowly bring your wrist away from your body and back towards your belly. You should feel the muscles in your back and shoulder working. This should not cause any pain or irritation. Repeat the exercises on your other arm. Perform 3 sets of 10.

How To Do Arms Warm Up


The following activity is performed by a highly trained individual.

Consult with a therapist before attempting the activity.

Supervision is highly recommended.

Be sure to be aware of how your body is responding while you're exercising.

While shortness of breath and flushing are common and expected during exercise; dizziness, headache, chest pain, nausea, chill and/ or redness in addition are potential signs of a problem.

If any symptoms persist please contact your doctor.


A proper warm up is an important part of any exercise program because it helps prepare your body for exercise. Start with reaching you arms out from your side and begin moving in small circular motions. Comfortably Increase the size of the circles to increase blood flow and get a gentle stretch. Try to avoid shrugging your shoulders up to your ears and keep you neck and head relaxed. Make sure you are sitting tall and your neck is directly over your body throughout the exercise. Next reverse the direction of the circles. This should not cause any pain or irritation. You can progress the warm up with swinging your arms in an open hugging motion. Perform this warm up for approximately 30 sec to a min.

How To - Do Arms Exercises Using Wrist Weights for C5-C6 Tetraplegia


The following activity is performed by a highly trained individual.

Consult with a therapist before attempting the activity.

Supervision is highly recommended.

Be sure to be aware of how your body is responding while you're exercising.

While shortness of breath and flushing are common and expected during exercise; dizziness, headache, chest pain, nausea, chill and/ or redness in addition are potential signs of a problem.

If any symptoms persist please contact your doctor.


I work out with wrist weights to strengthen the muscles in the arms, shoulders, back and neck. They wrap around your wrist and are held in place with Velcro tabs. They come in a variety of weights. The greater the weights, the greater effect you can get for your heart from exercise. Make sure weights are comfortable for you and not too heavy. It's ok to use different weights on each wrist, if one arm is not as strong as the other. I'm going to show you a set of simple exercises with wrist weights.

Bicep Curls

Curls strengthen my biceps.

To build power, I add weight and decrease reps.

To increase endurance, I decrease weight and increase reps.

Lateral Raises

Lateral raises builds up the shoulder and arm muscles, specifically the middle deltoids.

I do them to build up control of my trunk. They also help stabilize my shoulders.

Of course I also do them for cardio, to strengthen my heart.

The Overhead Punch

The overhead punch builds up shoulder and arm muscles and provides cardio strengthening as well.

The Chest Punch

The chest punch or forward punch also works the shoulder and arm muscles and, of course, has cardio effect too.

Combination of Shrug and Row

I do a combination shrug/row exercise for scapular stabilization, to strengthen the neck and back muscles.

Reverse Fly

The reverse fly strengthens the back and shoulders. Hold for a minute at the top of the rep.

Biceps Exercises



How To Do One Arm Cable Bicep Row/Curl with a Cable Machine



The following activity is performed by a highly trained individual.

Consult with a therapist before attempting the activity.

Supervision is highly recommended.

Be sure to be aware of how your body is responding while you're exercising.

While shortness of breath and flushing are common and expected during exercise; dizziness, headache, chest pain, nausea, chill and/ or redness in addition are potential signs of a problem.

If any symptoms persist please contact your doctor.



This video will demonstrate a seated row using a cable machine. Make sure your shoulders are stable and without pain in overhead positions before attempting this exercise. Secure your wheelchair by locking the brakes. One option for extra support is to place heavy dumbbells in front of the back wheels and on the footplate. Have the cable set to the highest position on the column and choose a lighter weight when first attempting this exercise. Sit up as tall as you can. Grasp the handle with your thumb pointing up and make sure that holding the cable does not cause any discomfort in your shoulder. Grasp the cable from a forward reaching position and make sure you keep your shoulder blade low on your back instead of shrugged up towards your ear. Pull your elbow down and back in a controlled manner, again focusing on squeezing your shoulder blade down towards the middle. Perform 3 sets of 10 on each arm.


How To Do Dumbbell Hammer Curls




The following activity is performed by a highly trained individual.

Consult with a therapist before attempting the activity.

Supervision is highly recommended.

Be sure to be aware of how your body is responding while you're exercising.

While shortness of breath and flushing are common and expected during exercise; dizziness, headache, chest pain, nausea, chill and/ or redness in addition are potential signs of a problem.

If any symptoms persist please contact your doctor.



This video will demonstrate dumbbell bicep curls. Initially, you should choose a lighter weight to perform this exercise. Sit up as tall as you can and grasp the weight with your thumb pointing up. Curl the weight towards your shoulder, making sure only the elbow is moving. Keep a light grip on the weight to better isolate the biceps. If you feel yourself swaying, stop the exercise and choose a lighter weight. Perform 3 sets of 10.


How To Do Biceps Exercise with a Theraband


The following activity is performed by a highly trained individual.

Consult with a therapist before attempting the activity.

Supervision is highly recommended.

Be sure to be aware of how your body is responding while you're exercising.

While shortness of breath and flushing are common and expected during exercise; dizziness, headache, chest pain, nausea, chill and/ or redness in addition are potential signs of a problem.

If any symptoms persist please contact your doctor.



This video will demonstrate an advanced bicep exercise using theraband. You must feel comfortable stabilizing  your arm out to the side at shoulder height for an extended period of time before attempting this exercise. To get started, loop a piece of theraband around a sturdy object such as a pole at about the height of your head or shoulder. Position yourself far enough away so that you feel some tension in the theraband and lock your brakes. You can also increase tension by wrapping the theraband around your hand to shorten the band. Stabilize your shoulder and raise your arm out to the side so it is parallel to the floor, and position your hand with your palm facing up. Strengthen your bicep by slowly flexing your elbow and bring your hand towards your head while maintaining a stable shoulder position. In a controlled manner, straighten your elbow almost back to the starting position. There should be tension in the theraband throughout the entire exercise. To exercise the other arm, turn your chair around so you are facing in the opposite direction. Keep in mind that one arm may be stronger than the other and make sure to adjust the resistance accordingly. If the exercise causes pain or discomfort or if it cannot be performed correctly, decrease the tension by repositioning yourself closer to the pole or by choosing a lighter resistance of theraband. As you perform this exercise, avoid the tendency to shrug your shoulder towards your ear by squeezing your shoulder blades down and together in a diagonal direction. Also avoid gripping too hard with your hand in order to better isolate the biceps. Perform _3__ sets of __10_ on each arm or until you feel fatigued. Again, you should not experience any pain.  Theraband is available at most physical therapy offices.




3.4. Before You Begin Exercising-RRTC

Before you begin exercising

There are many benefits of regular physical activity and exercise, and no matter what your level of injury is, exercise is for everyone!!! Staying active is often considered a key factor in maintaining and improving overall health.  Benefits of moderate physical activity can be even greater for individuals with a disability since they have a tendency to live less active lifestyles. Inform your primary care physician prior to beginning a new exercise routine to make sure there are no medical issues you need to consider once you start to exercise.  If possible, consult a trained exercise professional for an individualized exercise prescription.

Benefits of regular physical activity and exercise

  • Weight control
  • Improved strength and endurance to perform activities of daily living
  • Decreased anxiety and depression
  • Enhanced feeling of well-being
  • Protection against development of chronic diseases such as diabetes,
  • Prevention of secondary conditions such as cardiovascular disease, pressure sores, hypertension and respiratory distress
  • Increased cardiac (heart) and pulmonary (lung) function
  • Lowered cholesterol and blood pressure

Types of exercise

There are several different types of exercise that may benefit you in different ways:

  • Cardiovascular Exercise– Primarily benefits your heart, circulatory system and lungs. Examples of cardiovascular exercise are:
    • Aerobic exercise
    • Circuit training
    • Arm ergometry
    • Wheelchair ergometry
    • Sports (basketball, swimming, quad rugby, cycling etc.)

The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) recommends that adults participate in moderate-intensity aerobic exercise for at least 30 minutes on at least 5 days of the week, which may include housework/chores, brisk-paced wheelchair propulsion, and exercise during which you can still talk easily.  ACSM also recommends that adults participate in high-intensity exercise for at least 20 minutes on at least 3 days per week, which may include playing sports and exercise that makes you feel out of breath.  The exercise does not need to be all at once.  Two 10 minute sessions of exercise can be just as beneficial as one 20 minute session, since you are active more frequently. It is always a good idea to start slow and gradually increase the amount of time and days per week you exercise.  The Spinal Cord Injury Information Network recommends starting with 10 minutes of exercise every other day and then slowly increasing the time you exercise.

There are many ways that you can incorporate cardiovascular exercise into your daily life.  If you use a manual wheelchair, try parking a little farther from the store entrance and using a ramp instead of an elevator.

The best way to get active is to get your family and friends active as well.  Even shopping trips to the mall can add some aerobic exercise to your daily routine!

Resistance exercise– Primarily benefits you by making you stronger (improving muscular strength) and/or giving you better endurance so you can do things longer (improving muscular endurance). Examples of resistance exercise are:

    • Weight machines
    • Free weights
    • Exercise bands

There are two ways to resistance train: for muscular strength or for muscular endurance.  If your goal is to increase muscular strength, you should use a heavier weight (one that is difficult for you to lift more than 6-8 times).  Perform 6-8 reps 3-5 times, with at least 3-5 minutes of rest between sets.  If your goal is to increase muscular endurance, you should use a lighter weight (one that you can lift at least 12-15 times).  Perform at least 12-15 reps 2-3 times, with 1-2 minutes between sets. 

It is important keep on breathing while resistance training. Exhale while pushing the weight up or out and inhale while letting the weight down or in. Resistance training sessions should be held 2-3 times per week with at least one day of rest between sessions.

  • Flexibilityexercise– Primarily aimed at giving you greater range of motion in joints and more flexibility in your body. Examples are:
    • Stretching
    • Stretching with assistance
    • Yoga
    • Pilates

Flexibility training should be incorporated before and after every cardiovascular and strength workout. Be sure to hold stretches (without bouncing) for 30-60 seconds and progress slowly. REMEMBER stretching should never be painful!

Spinal cord injury related considerations when exercising

  • Incontinence – Make sure to empty your bowel and bladder before exercising
  • Spasticity – Stretch spastic muscle groups and avoid exercises that cause excessive spasticity.
  • Orthostatic hypotension (drop in blood pressure) – Monitor blood pressure throughout exercise, avoid quick movements and make sure you drink enough water.
  • Thermoregulation (irregular body temperature) - Make sure you wear appropriate clothing in warm vs. cold climates, and drink plenty of water.
  • Pressure Sores – Make sure you maintain your pressure relief guidelines while exercising, and get out of sweaty clothes as soon as you are done exercising.
  • Joint strain – Stop exercising if you experience any pain in your joints while exercising.  Consult your doctor before beginning exercise if you have a history of joint pain, particularly in your shoulders.  If you do experience joint pain, certain exercises may need to be avoided.  Consider consulting a trained exercise professional for an individual exercise program that is designed to avoid exercises that will cause you joint pain.

Important safety considerations

  • Stop exercising if you experience pain, discomfort, nausea, dizziness, lightheadedness, chest pain, irregular heartbeat, shortness of breath or clammy hands
  • Check medications and their effects during exercise
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Wear appropriate clothing
  • Set realistic short-term and long-term goals
  • Find and follow an exercise program that meets your specific goals

3.5. "Get Moving! Exercise after Spinal Cord Injury" -SCI Forum Video

"Get Moving! Exercise after Spinal Cord Injury" an SCI Forum, was presented by the Northwest Regional Spinal Cord Injury (NWRSCIS) System on February 12, 2013, at the University of Washington Medical Center. There are many barriers to getting exercise after you've had a spinal cord injury that it is easy to be discouraged or feel that it is impossible. But regular physical activity is important for staying healthy and feeling good, especially if you have an SCI. And while there are obvious challenges, it is still possible to exercise after SCI. In this video, Kristin Kaupang, PT, discusses the many ways people with SCI can exercise safely and effectively, and provides practical information for getting started and being successful with an exercise program. NWRSCIS would like your feedback! After watching the video, please complete their 2-minute survey.

3.6. Universal Fitness after SCI

Universal Fitness
The SCI Forum presentation, "Universal Fitness," by Cathy Warms, PhD, ARNP, CRRN, of the University of Washington Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, is available for viewing on your computer as streaming video. A written report of the presentation is also online.

3.7. Craig Hospital educational brochure

An article by Craig Hospital Research Department from their SCI Health and Wellness series that discusses ways individuals with SCI can use exercise to improve flexibility, increase strength, increase endurance or aerobic conditioning, or improve body shape.

3.8. Finding an Accessible Fitness Center

Finding an Accessible Fitness Center
You know you should be more active. You would like to find a usable fitness center or health club, but it seems like an overwhelming task. On the other hand, isn't your health worth the hassle? What to ask a fitness center, how to get them to make changes, and other resources. Includes a facility accessibility checklist.

3.9. Exercise Program for Individuals with Spinal Cord Injuries

From the National Center on Physical Activity and Disability
NCPAD is an information center concerned with physical activity and disability. They have information and resources for EVERYONE, from guidelines to consider before starting any kind of exercise program to factsheets on many popular activites, games, recreational pursuits, and sports that have been adapted to allow people with disabilities to participate as fully as they wish, become as active as they wish.
Exercise Program for Individuals with Spinal Cord Injuries: Paraplegia VHS/DVD and Quick Series Book
It is designed for individuals with paraplegia, and features a 25-minute aerobic segment, as well as strengthening, and flexibility segments for a well-rounded exercise program. The NCPAD Quick Series Guide on Exercise for Individuals with Spinal Cord Injuries: Paraplegia is a pocket-sized reference guide on exercise for individuals with paraplegia. This is an excellent resource that can be used to complement the exercise video, or as a guide while exercising in your home or at the fitness center.

Exercise Program for Individuals with Spinal Cord Injuries: Tetraplegia VHS/DVD & Quick Series Bookl
This new release is the second exercise video produced by the National Center on Physical Activity and Disability, and the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago (RIC), and funding for duplication and distribution provided by the Christopher and Dana Reeve Foundation. The NCPAD Quick Series Guide on Exercise for Individuals with Spinal Cord Injuries: Tetraplegia is a pocket-sized reference guide on exercise for individuals with tetraplegia. This is an excellent resource that can be used to complement the exercise video, or as a guide while exercising in your home or at the fitness center.

Exercise Tips for Power Mobility Device Users
From the The National Center on Physical Activity and Disability newsletter September 2009

3.10. Range of Motion

For additional information, visit:

3.11. SCI Total Fitness online spinal cord injury exercise program

SCI Total Fitness online spinal cord injury exercise program
This guided program specifically designed for spinal cord injury will educate you about making healthier choices when it comes to diet, as well as incorporating regular exercise into your routine. Weekly meetings keep you on track toward weight loss goals by holding you accountable for your decisions. If followed as designed, this program can also decrease your risk for cardiovascular diseases (such as diabetes and heart disease.) The program can be tailored to meet your personal needs, and will set you up for continued success.

3.12. WOWii Physical Activity Study-to Mid-Jan2019

Physical activity study at Baylor thru Mid January 2019


Time Sensitive Study! – Respond by January 4, 2019 – Compensation $60 - $100 – Apply if you have a Spinal Cord Injury C4 or below & Interested in Getting Physically Active

Physical inactivity is a leading cause of death for all Americans including those living with a spinal cord injury (SCI). Inquire now about enrolling in this innovative study  to identify effective approaches to help people with SCI get more exercise, funded by the National Institute for Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation (NIDILRR) and conducted by researchers at Baylor Institute for Rehabilitation, a leading inpatient rehabilitation hospital in north Texas.


The study, Workout on Wheels Internet Intervention (WOWii), is a four month program and participants will meet over Zoom weekly for 16 weeks and work through weekly online modules to start and stick with an accessible and individualized exercise program. Participants will be compensated for their time to attend fitness testing and complete surveys before and just after the 16-week program.


Please join the study and improve your physical fitness! If you are interested and to confirm eligibility please email, call, or text our study coordinator, Amber M. Lopez. She can be reached at:


Office phone: (214)820-5843

Project cell #: (469)844-8730

4. Listing of adaptive sports, recreation & travel opportunities.

4.1. Multi-sport organizations

Blaze Sports

Move United: Please see their locations and chapter information.

United States Cerebral Palsy Atheletic Association, Inc.

World TEAM Sports

Wheelchair Sports USA

4.2. Adventures Without Limits (OR State)

Adventures Without Limits

4.3. 'Continue' an adaptive sports and recreation film

'Continue' is 28 sports in 28 minutes. Individuals with spinal cord injury play in Utah, Idaho, California, and Belize. This high definition project shows the specialized equipment that removes any barriers to participation after paralysis. Beautiful scenes and an original soundtrack help change the focus from disability to endless opportunity. Continue intends to leave its viewers with many questions and a desire to get them answered. Originally intended for the newly injured; a positive image of life and recreation burned into visual memory to be accessed when ready, Continue can be appreciated by anyone who would like to see how few limitations exist for recreation after spinal cord injury. Free and wide distribution will enable rehabilitation professionals to use Continue as a standard educational tool, ensuring that individuals throughout the world will all know what is possible.

Contact for more information or to order a DVD: PVA Research, 800-424-8200

4.4. Paralyzed Veterans of America (PVA) Sports

Paralyzed Veterans of America (PVA) Sports- nationally 

When paralyzed veterans returning from World War II began playing wheelchair basketball at Veterans Administration hospitals, they and VA recognized sports as a valuable rehabilitation tool. Chapters of the fledgling organization that would become Paralyzed Veterans of America helped to organize games in communities around the country—and organized wheelchair sports were born. Since that time, Paralyzed Veterans of America has become a recognized national leader in wheelchair sports and recreation.

In outdoor events such as trapshooting and bass fishing or indoor events such as billiards or bowling, athletes who participate in Paralyzed Veterans-sponsored events derive therapeutic benefits on physical, emotional, and social levels.


4.5. Resource listing by states and by type.

Adaptive sports, recreation, and travel opportunities listed by state and by type of activity.

4.6. USA Paralympics newsletter

Current news in the world of USA Paralympics, January 2012 newsletter

5. Organizations

5.1. National Center on Physical Activity and Disability (live Chat)

The National Center on Physical Activity and Disability is an information center concerned with physical activity and disability. Being physically active is good for every body. That's a message you will find many times on this site. Being active is an important part of getting and staying healthy. Check out their live chat feature available via the NCPAD home page.

5.2. Challenged America

Challenged America - a therapeutic and rehabilitation sailing program


The Challenged America program is dedicated to introduce sailing as a therapeutic and rehabilitative enhancing activity to individuals with disabilities, their loved ones, and professionals in healthcare and rehabilitation.


To introduce adaptive sailing and other recreational activities as a new life experience to improve health, build self-confidence, develop new skills and abilities, stimulate independence, and foster the competitive spirit of program participants to fulfill the goals and objectives of the charity.

5.3. F.I.T. Foundation (Adaptive outdoor Equip)

The F. I. T. Foundation modes of transportation (tricycle, wheelchair, etc.) increases the excitement surrounding this advancement in human-powered movement for those individuals that were never able to ride the conventional system before.

6. Pediatric sports and camps

6.1. Pediatric camps


Camp Attitude, Oregon Inc.
PO Box 207, Foster, OR 97345
Phone: (541) 367-3420

Association of Hole in the Wall Camps
265 Church Street, Suite #503, New Haven, Connecticut 06510
Phone: (203) 562-1203 Fax: (203) 562-1207

My Summer Camps: Special Needs
Phone: (877) 777-7738  or (416) 544-9925 Fax: (416) 850-9908

NCPAD Fun and Leisure Summer Camp Directory
Phone: (800) 900-8086

NICHY Summer Camps for Children with Disabilities
Phone: (800) 695-0285

Shake-a-leg, Inc.
PO Box 1264, Newport, RI 02840
Website: Children  Website: Teens
Phone: (888) 742-5353 or (401) 849-8898 


6.2. Pediatric sports organizations

The following adaptive sports organizations include children and youth programs

Telephone: 301-217-0960



7. Recreation

7.1. Fishing

Adaptive fishing

7.2. Flying

Freedom's Wings International (NJ)
Freedom's Wings International (FWI) is a non-profit organization run by and for people with physical disabilities. We provide the opportunity for those who are physically challenged to fly in specially adapted sailplanes, either as a passenger or as a member of the flight training program.

International Wheelchair Aviators (TX)
a worldwide group of disabled and able bodied (A/B) pilots interested in aviation and flying. Members have many different disabilities including paraplegia, quadriplegia, amputee, multiple sclerosis, spina bifida, polio and other problems. Through their hard work and persistence and with the help of a tolerant FAA medical system, hundreds have been given the opportunity to fly, many to resume flying careers and others to fly for the first time.

Return Flight
Return Flight is a nonprofit which provides helicopter flight training to paraplegics and the spinal cord injured community. eturn Flight provides a complete program. Applicants to the program must be accepted through a rigorous selection program. Once in the program, Return Flight provides everything for the candidate. Similar to a military flight training program, Return Flight will help the candidate with funding for the program, housing and support during the training and finally employment services upon completion of the program.

Pilot Assist
Roger Easton, Student Service Director
Phone: 771-332-3531

7.3. Gardening & farming

Making Gardens Accessible

The Breaking New Ground Resource Center is an internationally recognized source of information for farmers and ranchers with disabilities.

Contact Breaking New Ground at 800-825-4264

(Also see Agribility programs in your area)


Dr. Val Farmer

"Rural Family Health & Family Relationships"


             I am retiring from my syndicated column. That is not all. I am also retiring from being a team member of the National AgrAbility Project Advisory Team. I have been a small part of this remarkable organization located at Purdue University's Breaking New Ground Resource Center since the 90s.

            Because of this program, farmers and ranchers are no longer forced into retirement or into a disabled lifestyle because of disabilities. Nationally there are at least one to two million farmers and ranchers with disabilities. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), more than 200,000 farmers, ranchers, and agricultural workers acquire occupational injuries each year that limit their ability to perform essential work tasks.

            Farm accidents are among the most prevalent workplace injuries. These injuries include severe back, leg, or arm impairments (including amputations), and spinal cord injuries. Other forms of disability are chronic respiratory problems, cardiovascular impairments, and among older farmers, arthritis.

            Finding hope. In a profession that depends on physical abilities and labor, one would surmise that these disabilities would be devastating and permanent, forcing people to abandon their goals, dreams and life work. It doesn't have to be that way.

            I was invited to be on the Advisory Team because of my background in rural mental health. True there are aspects of rehabilitation that have to do with marital and family support, support networks, grief work, coping, resilience, and attitude. What I found was a different story.

            Hope and results don't come from a counselor's office nor do they come from adapting to a new profession. Hope doesn't come from a support group or even from a disability check. Hope comes from being able to farm or ranch again despite new limitations.

            How does this happen? It happens because farmers are able to stay engaged in doing something they love and are good at. How can they do that? It is because of the miracle of agricultural engineering, assistive technology, along with worksite and home modifications. The best vocational rehabilitation and occupational therapists connect farmers with the tools they need to continue to be productive and independent.

            These assistive technologies are applied to tractors, combines, and other self-propelled farm machinery, farm vehicles, farm shops, personal mobility, alternative enterprises, and specialized equipment handling livestock and producing crops. Over 850 assistive technology products are described in The Toolbox available at or at every Extension office in the United States.

            "Many agricultural workers with disabilities - and the professionals who serve them - are simply unaware of the help that is available." - Paul Jones, National AgrAbility Project manager.

            The right assistive technology tools can give farmers back their mobility and control. This can be expensive but it is also inexpensive compared to a lifetime of dependence, disability, and other forms of rehabilitation services including counseling.

            After a disabling injury or onset of a chronic disease, farmers need to know the miracles available to them through assistive technology. They need outreach, mentors, and a quick response for their new limitations. The National AgrAbility Project or the 25 State AgrAbility Projects can help provide the resources and links they need to infuse hope back into their lives.

            All farmers need is to see something work, and then they can believe it. They see an idea and they take it from there. What they don't invent or jerryrig on their own, they buy. The best investment a Vocational Rehabilitation Service can provide is an investment in assistive technology or worksite modification, and farmers can continue to be entrepreneurs, taxpayers and independent of government assistance.

            Farmers and ranchers are the dream clientele for this kind of help because they are motivated. They don't easily succumb to victim entitlement or institutional thinking. If you are looking for a program with success stories, this is it.

            "The people that are farmers in this country, it is in their blood...And for them to lose it is not just like they're displaced temporarily, it really takes almost the soul of them...and to be able to get them back working in the is really important." Peggy Milliman, a Christmas Tree Producer in Maryland, from the video, "AgrAbility: It's About Hope."

            Farmers with disability share their story. One of those men is Herbert Von Holten from Round Grove, Indiana. He is a no nonsense guy with no use of his legs. He along with his partner, Kathleen Smith, engineers, manufactures, and installs lifts adapted to tractors and other farm equipment.

            Not only does he show farmers how they can still farm, but he provides the tough love to get them out of their self-pity and despair. His track record in counseling farmers is probably better than mine.

            AgrAbility will put farmers in touch with inspirational farmers with disabilities who are doing as much or more with their lives than before their disabling accident.

            An inspired leader. I want to end this unabashed puff piece on AgrAbility with a few words about Bill Field, Breaking New Ground Project Director.

            Bill has been the visionary driving force behind this work from its inception in 1991. He is personable, friendly, and as down-to-earth a man as you would want to meet. He is and has been my friend. He cares about farmers with disabilities.

            Because of his leadership, AgrAbility is being spread internationally. He has touched thousands of lives through his work - and he isn't done yet. When he retires, I will be one of those writing a protest letter.

            Visit, call 800-825-4264, email agrability  

Mobile Gardening

When it comes to hobbies, gardening is a popular activity that just about anyone can enjoy. Using specific methods, individuals with limited mobility or who are disabled can care for plants. Accessible gardens, such as raised beds, offer a chance for those who are wheelchair bound to enjoy the many pleasures of tending to plants.

Here are three methods that open up the world of gardening to people with physical limitations.

Raised Beds

Raised beds make gardening possible for individuals who are wheelchair bound or unable to kneel. Beds can be constructed at any height desired and should be placed in accessible locations.

Follow these steps to designing and constructing a raised bed:

Consider the gardener's physical limitations. If wheelchair bound, construct the raised bed at a height that allows the gardener to reach into the garden while seated. If the gardener is mobile but unable to kneel or lean over easily while standing, construct bench seating around the planting bed.

Choose a location. Locate the raised bed in an area that's easily accessible and conducive to what the gardener will grow. Pathways widths should be minimum of 4 feet to ensure clearance for wheelchairs, walkers and wheelbarrows.3 Ensure that the paths are level, firm and free of any stumbling blocks, including loose gravel.

If the gardener will be planting vegetables, small fruit trees or sun-loving flowers, locate the raised bed in a location that receives 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight per day. For shade plants, place the garden in an area that receives morning sun or dappled sunlight throughout the day, such as under a tree or patio cover.

Determine dimensions. Raised beds are generally 3 to 4 feet wide.1 Determine the width according the gardener's reach. For example, if the person can reach 2 feet into the bed from one side, then make the bed no wider than 4 feet. The height of the bed should be 24 inches for someone seated in a wheelchair, and 30 inches for an individual who will stand while gardening but has difficulty bending and reaching. The length of the raised bed is usually 10 to 20 feet. Make seating edges 8 to 18 inches wide.2

Build the bed. Raised beds are generally made from rot-resistant wood, brick or stone. You can make one from scratch or purchase a raised bed kit from your local garden center or hardware store. When building a wooden raised bed from scratch, use decking screws for maximum stability. Cement brick and stone together to avoid soil leakage. if you have problems with burrowing pests like voles, moles and gophers, deter them by lining the bottom of the bed with hardware cloth.4

Fill the bed. Fill the bed with a mix of two parts planting mix, one part horticultural sand or perlite, and one part compost, such as Pennington® Earthworm Castings 1.5-0-0. Water well to settle any air pockets, and then add more soil until the soil line is 1 to 2 inches below the top of the bed.

Plant. You can plant just about anything in a raised bed that you would in the ground. Raised beds are ideal for flowers; vegetables and herbs; fruits, such as strawberries; and even dwarf fruit trees, including peach and plum.

Maintain. Raised beds tend to drain fast, so they require more frequent watering than in-ground plants. Water when the top 2 inches of soil has dried out. Fertilize monthly spring through fall with Lilly Miller® All Purpose Planting & Growing Food 10-10-10, and prune flowers regularly to keep them blooming. Harvest herbs and vegetables as soon as they are ready for consumption or the plants will stop producing.

Tabletop Garden

Essentially a shallow raised bed on legs, a tabletop garden allows for easy wheelchair access. The gardener can push the chair underneath the table and work comfortably. Tabletop gardens are generally made of wood or metal, and can be constructed from scratch or bought pre-made.

Construction. The planting bed of a tabletop garden is usually 8 to 10 inches deep, and the table is generally 27 inches from the ground. To avoid arm strain, the top of the planter should not be higher than the sitting gardener's ribcage. For easy reach, the width of the bed should be 3 feet.

Drill drainage holes beneath the planting area, and consider placing the tabletop garden on casters, so it can be moved easily.2

Add soil. Fill the tabletop garden with pre-moistened potting soil until it's filled to within an inch of the top.

Plant. Since they aren't very deep, tabletop gardens should only be used to grow shallow-rooted annuals and some vegetables and herbs. Flower choices include marigold, petunia, zinnia, phlox, lobelia, verbena and pansy; vegetable and herb choices include lettuce, spinach, cucumber, cherry tomato, baby carrot, basil, thyme and rosemary,

Maintenance. Water when the top 2 inches of soil has dried out, and fertilize monthly with Lilly Miller® All Purpose Planting & Growing Food 10-10-10. Keep flowers pruned to promote re-flowering, and harvest vegetables regularly to increase production.


The wide variety of pot sizes and types open up a world of possibilities for a gardener with limited mobility. Such an individual can easily garden at a table with smaller pots or from a chair next to large containers.

The following tips help ensure a successful container gardening experience.

Choose a container. Choose wood, plastic, ceramic, metal or clay containers, making sure that each one has drainage holes to prevent root rot. If the gardener's upper body strength is limited, opt for small, lightweight plastic pots. Put large containers on casters.

When planting in a hanging container, use a plastic pot and install a ratchet pulley system that allows the gardener to easily lower and raise the container by pulling on a cord.

Add soil. Always use potting soil in containers; never garden soil. Choose a potting soil that contains organic material, such as peat moss and compost, and drainage agents, such as perlite or pumice. Further enrich the soil by adding Pennington® Earthworm Castings 1.5-0-0 according to package directions. Lightly moisten the soil before adding it to the container, which will help prevent air pockets and uneven settling of the soil.

Plant. You can plant most flowers in containers. If you wish to grow vegetables, opt for dwarf forms, such as bush bean, baby carrot, baby beet, green onion, cherry tomato and baby cucumber. Most herbs thrive in containers.

The amount of plants you put in a pot will depend on the size of the container and the size of the plant at maturity. Check the plant care tag for this information.

Water. Containers require frequent watering. Plants in hanging baskets get especially thirsty since heat rises. Water when the first inch of soil has dried. Typically, during spring and summer months, watering once a day will suffice. In fall and winter, water only once or twice a week.

Fertilize. Frequent watering rinses nutrients from the soil of containerized plants, so feeding on a regular basis is important to keep plants healthy. During the spring and summer months, fertilize every two weeks, and in the fall and winter, feed monthly with Lilly Miller® All Purpose Planting & Growing Food 10-10-10.


Gardening is an enjoyable activity that is within reach for just about anyone who wants to dig in and enjoy the many perks of nurturing plants.

Pennington is a registered trademark of Pennington Seed, Inc.

Lilly Miller is a registered trademark of Central Garden & Pet Company.


1. Diane Relf, "Gardening in Raised Beds and Containers for Older Gardeners and Individuals with Physical Disabilities," Department of Horticulture,Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, 1995.

2. Jean Larson, et. al, "Accessible gardening for therapeutic horticulture," University of Minnesota Extension, 2008.

3. Becky Cresswell. et. al, "Gardening for Life: A Guide to Garden Adaptations for Gardeners of All Ages and Abilities," January 2005.

4. Johanna Silver, "Step-by-step: Build the ultimate raised bed,"



7.4. Hands-Free Harmonica

This is your chance to take part in a project to develop a hands-free blues harmonica course designed specifically for people with a high level spinal cord injury.

The harmonica is perfect for people with quadriplegia because:

It is one of the few musical instruments that can be played hands-free using a harp-rack
You need little musical knowedge to get started (the holes are numbered)
You can play when and where you want (even lying down)
Blowing in-and-out of the harmonica can strengthen the diaphragm muscles which helps breathing
There is a supportive community of harmonica players who want to help

I have already developed the first version of a web-based, hands-free, beginner blues harmonica course that can be used right now.

But I need your help.

To make the hands-free harmonica course even better, I need people who have quadriplegia to try the course and tell me what they think of it. In this way the course could be improved to make it even better.

The goal is for the hands-free harmonica course to become a therapeutic and recreational activity for people who have sustained a high level spinal cord injury throughout the world.

You will get recognition depending upon the support you give.

If you have a high level spinal cord injury and want to take part in this project, email me at with "I want to take part in the harmonica project" in the subject heading.

I will then email you and discuss how we can create the harmonica course to best suit your needs.

7.5. Hunting

Disabled hunting resources

7.6. Motorcycling

National Handicap Motorcyclist Association
35-34 84 Street #F8
Jackson Heights, NY  11372

7.7. Painting

The Mouth and Foot Painting Artists has been operating in America since 1961. The American publishing house, originally located in Buffalo, New York, moved its offices to Atlanta, Georgia, in July 2000.

The American MFPA is a member of the International Association of Mouth and Foot Painting Artists, which conducts its affairs from the headquarters in Liechtenstein. This location was originally chosen because of its neutral role in post-war politics, its central position in Europe and the advantages of the internationally acceptable Swiss Franc.



There are currently 72 disabled artists working in the United States, 7 of whom are full or associate members.

The managing board of the Association makes all of the important decisions and oversees the work of the few able-bodied administration and professional staff employed by the organization.

The Association's administrative costs are closely controlled, amounting to approximately eight percent of annual income. A small number of able-bodied staff are employed to look after marketing, distribution and those matters with which the disabled artists need expert advice or cannot physically cope themselves.

There are currently 72 disabled artists working in the United States, 7 of whom are full or associate members.

7.8. Rowing, canoeing & Kayaking

Adaptive rowing, canoeing & kayaking resources


Access to Sailing
19744 Beach Blvd., Suite 340
Huntington Beach, Ca  92648
Phone: 949-722-5371

American Canoe Association – Kayaking/Disabled Paddlers
8580 Cinderbed Road
Newington, VA  22122
Phone: 703-550-7495

The Parasail Vision Quest
The Directors, Parasail Caring for the Kids
PO Box 48
Kingsville, Victoria  3012

U.S. Association of Disabled Sailors
Southern California Chapter
PO Box 15245
Newport Beach, CA  92659

U.S. Rowing Association 
11 Hall Place
Exeter, NH  03833  

U.S. Sailing Association: Sailors With Special Needs
The Committee on Sailors With Special Needs was created by US Sailing as a part of its efforts to promote sailing and sailboat racing to everyone.

7.9. Sailing

Adaptive sailing organizations and resources through Infinitec.

Wind is the first essential for sailors but technology can supplement Mother Nature in a big way with adapted sailboats and special equipment. For instance, a trimaran named the Challenger was designed to go with a minimum of body movement. The newly developed Slatts-22 from Hydro-Flight of Seattle provides hydrofoil-assisted sailing that doesn't require the helmsman or passenger to change positions during tacking and rudder pedals are easily modified with hand controls.

The Freedom Independence is another good choice for adapted sailing. Organizations, such as Shake-A-Leg in Newport, R.I., support integrated sailing, involving both disabled and non-disabled sailors. They'd be happy to add you to their crew! The popularity of sailing years ago led enthusiasts to organize an annual national and international regatta each year.
Sailing classes show you the ropes—and other equipment, while you make new friends

7.10. SCUBA diving

Handicapped SCUBA Association

The Handicapped Scuba Association has dedicated itself to improving the physical and social well-being of people with
disabilities through the sport of scuba diving.
•To improve the health and fitness of people with disabilities by challenging their physical abilities and endurance;
•To improve the quality of life of people with disabilities by providing opportunities to actively participate in a
 mainstream sport;
•To "level the playing field" between people with disabilities and their able bodied peers by facilitating access to a
 sport that they, and others, thought was not possible; To motivate people with disabilities into pursuing other life
 challenges (education, employment, travel, sports) by allowing them to achieve at a sport that many people cannot;
•To profile the abilities and potential of people with disabilities to mainstream society.

Made up of over 4000 underwater educators, scuba divers with disabilities and supporting members, located in over 45
countries, the Handicapped Scuba Association is dedicated to assuring that people with disabilities are given the same
opportunity to receive quality training, certification and dive adventures as the able bodied population.

Welcome to the world of diving!

Contact: Web Contact Form

SEE ATTACHED HSA PDF for more history on the HSA


Adaptive SCUBA diving Association and additional resources


National Ocean Access Project
410 Severn Ave., Suite 306
Annapolis, MD  21403


Diveheart adaptive SCUBA

Mission-To build confidence, independence and self-esteem in the lives of children, adults and veterans with disabilities through scuba diving, scuba therapy and related activities.

Vision-To instill the “can do” spirit in participants, inspiring them to take on challenges that they may not have considered before. Using zero gravity and the adventure paradigm, we help participants believe that if they can scuba dive they can do anything.



FREE-DAPTIVE DIVERS (MN) is an association of scuba divers in the Twin Cities that may be of interest to some of your readers who have adaptive needs.

Some of our activities include:
-Planning trips to warm-water destinations
-Teaching people with special adaptive needs how to scuba dive
-Introducing non-divers to a sport that is truly an "equalizer"
-Offering try-it-and-see-if-you-like-it pool sessions
-Hosting social events
-Answering a myriad of questions about the possibility of adaptive scuba diving

The Board of Directors is comprised of business professionals, educators, and scuba divers, and includes persons with physically adaptive needs.

To read personal testimonials, or to get a detailed list of what to pack, or what to expect, when planning that next warm-water vacation, or to view divers experiencing the freedom of underwater exploration instead of being confined to their wheelchairs, check out the FREE-DAPTIVE DIVERS website:

If you or any of your clients have questions, please do not hesitate to inquire at


Cody Unser-First Step Foundation


The Cody Unser First Step Foundation is a global not-for-profit organization dedicated to raising research funds, public awareness and quality of life for those afflicted with all forms of spinal cord-related paralysis. The Foundation will also address the cause, rehabilitation, prevention and cure for Transverse Myelitis, and freely affiliate with other medical, charitable and corporate entities to achieve these goals.
Operation Deep Down

Operation Deep Down is the Military branch of Cody Unser's Great Scuba Adventures. Our program is designed to use
Scuba Diving as a tool for therapeutic and psychological value to help heal the wounds of our vets by showing them
what they can do instead what they cannot.

Operation Deep Down will provide training and certification for disabled veterans and their chosen dive buddy
from start to finish, ending in the open water on one of Cody's Great Scuba Adventures.
Operation Deep Down will also freely affiliate with other dive programs, rehabilitation centers, hospitals and
military groups or agencies to share knowledge and collaborate with the dive industry to continue to improve adaptive
diving for the disabled community.
Our goal is simply to help reintegrate our wounded service men and women back into society changing their lives one
dive at a time.

Contact: Web Contact Form


AQUANAUTS ADAPTIVE AQUATICS (Toll Free: (877) AQUA-TAG) is a non-profit organization sponsored and supported by HANDICAPPED SCUBA ASSOCIATION which continues to develop programs, conduct training, provide equipment, and assign staff to ALL organizations requesting the opportunity to facilitate the Adaptive SCUBA Programs for the purposes of community outreach activities; providing all participants with a sense of accomplishment, self-confidence, and independence.


Freedon Divers International
Phone: 815-528-7753
Dedicated to enhancing the physical, as well as the mental well being of wounded soldiers, disabled persons, and their families, We work to develop an outlet for family bonding, by providing the opportunity for everyone to enjoy the weightlessness of our underwater world, and the freedom this allows those with disabilities to interact with others in a way they may have never had otherwise. Our purpose is to provide a constant in training for scuba diving for persons with disabilities.

7.11. Shooting

National Shooting Sports Foundation

NRA Adaptive Shooting

7.12. Wliderness & Hiking

Wilderness on Wheels
7125 Jefferson #155
Lakewood, CO  80235
Phone: 303-988-2212

National Sports Center for the Disabled
PO Box 36
Winter Park, CO  80482

Physically Challenged Access to the Woods
53W Park
PO Box 357
Empire, CO  80438
Phone: 303-569-2106